A type of equipment in the material handling industry which can be utilized to raise and transport loads from one place to another is referred to as a forklift. Every component of a forklift has a specific function. Different parts can be utilized to transport the load either horizontally or vertically.
The components utilized to lift and lower the load is known as the forklift mast. There are different types of masts for lifting loads to various heights: triplex, quad, simplex and duplex.
Forklifts have four various ways of being powered: electric, gas, propane and diesel. The battery is located inside the cab under the seat. The propane tank is located on the rear of the truck. The fuel tank on gas and diesel forklifts is beneath the back of the truck.
Situated in the middle of the truck is the forklift cab. This is where the operator sits and accesses all the controls and informational gauges. The gas pedal, steering wheel, tilting controls, brake and lifting controls are all situated within the cab.
The frame of the truck carries all the biggest parts of the forklift, including the counterweights, that are located at the rear to prevent the truck from tipping when loaded. The frame includes the overhead guard that protects the operator. The undercarriage holds the driveshaft, axles and wheels.